Take the QUIZ to find out here

Take the QUIZ to find out here

Take the QUIZ to find out here

He informed that the viral hepatitis was the seventh leading cause of death globally, and the disease was a silent killer and responsible for about 1.44 million deaths annually. However, it is most often caused by a virus.

Precautions and a healthy lifestyle can help you keep hepatitis at bay.

The Union ministry of health and family welfare is concerned about the susceptibility of the population to the Hepatitis A virus after observing a shift in the demographics of the infection towards older population in India due to socio-economic transitions. However, inadequate insurance coverage for hepatitis C testing and limited access to regular health care are the factors restraining the growth of global hepatitis C virus testing market.

According to the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Hepatitis Report, only 9% of people living with hepatitis B and 20% of people living with hepatitis C have been tested and are aware of their status. If you are already infected, then ensure no one else uses your items.

"Hepatitis A and B are vaccine preventable diseases, yet they continue to be the most commonly reported vaccine preventable diseases". If you have not been vaccinated, it is best to use condoms, and to avoid sharing needles or items such as toothbrushes, razors or nail scissors with an infected person to reduce chances of exposure. The hygiene and sanitation practices play the significant role primarily for the HEV and HAV infections.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is transmitted through exposure to infective blood, semen, and other body fluids.

Hepatitis C is caused by hepatitis C Virus. Clients who were diagnosed with hepatitis by the study were all referred on for specialist care, but many did not appear for subsequent appointments.

"The message I want to get out for World Hepatitis Awareness Day is that anyone who thinks they may have been exposed to Hepatitis C in the past should come forward and get a test".

Types A and E are mainly transmitted through eating food or drinking water that's been contaminated by the fecal material of an infected person. The symptoms of hepatitis range from jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine and extreme fatigue, to nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

BICH assistant professor Dr Salahuddin said: "If a mother has the infection the child is given an immunoglobulin injection within 24 hours of birth, and three doses of the HBV vaccine, which can prevent their infection". This disease can result in the real possibility of developing fatal liver disease and in some cases unknowingly transmitting the infection to others. Recovery from symptoms following infection may take several weeks or even months.

"Identifying interventions that have a high impact is a key step towards eliminating this devastating disease", he added, noting that many countries have succeeded in scaling-up the hepatitis B vaccination and now the task is to increase access to diagnosis and treatment.

However, Bangladesh is yet to organise awareness programmes for viral hepatitis and has not yet adopted a national guideline to prevent viral hepatitis. Accelerating the discovery of a cure is essential in shortening the treatment duration.

Now there is no effective antiviral treatment for hepatitis D and no specific treatment that can alter the course of acute hepatitis E. "To achieve this, health authorities can increase the prominence of hepatitis-related information and advocacy", said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO Regional Director for South-East Asia.

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